Dispositional Mental States of Internally Displaced University Teachers Under Martial Law: Gender Differences


  • Ihor Popovych Department of Psychology, Kherson State University, ul. Universytetska 27, 73003, Kherson, Ukraine
  • Alisar Hudimova Department of Social Psychology, Odesa I. I. Mechnikov National University, ul. Dvoryans’ka 2, 65082, Odesa, Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9996-0674
  • Yulia Bokhonkova Department of Psychology and Sociology, Volodymyr Dahl East Ukrainian National University, ul. Ioanna Pavla II 17, 01042, Kyiv, Ukraine
  • Oleksandr Savchuk Research Laboratory of Moral and Psychological Support, Ivan Kozhedub Kharkiv National University of Air Force, ul. Sumska 77/79, 61023, Kharkiv, Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8309-5927
  • Ihor Hoian Department of Social Psychology, Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, ul. Shevchenko 57, 76018, Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2548-0488
  • Nataliia Shevchenko Department of Psychology, Zaporizhzhia National University, ul. Zhukovskyi 66, 69600, Zaporizhzhia, Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5297-6588




educational process, educational and professional training, identity, depression, anxiety, coping strategies


Aim. The empirical study of gender differences in the dispositional mental states of university teachers who were internally displaced during martial law.

Methods. A combined research strategy was used, integrating the methods for comparing samples of female and male participants. The different types of dispositional mental states of the respondents were identified by the author’s methodology for the study of dominant mental states.

Results. It was discovered that the respondents’ psychological content parameters showed statistically significant gender-based differences. Group 1 prevailed in terms of anxiety (U = 855.0; p = .000). Group 2 prevailed in terms of self-control (U = 975.0; p = .001); awareness of events (U = 707.5; p = .000); expected attitude (U = 1074.0; p = .006); expected result (U = 1067.0; p = .006) and psychological well-being (U = 1113.5; p = .014). The dispositional mental states of a female sample of internally displaced university teachers were represented by five components with a total variation of ∑d = 74.527%. The male sample had four factors with a total variation ∑d = 94.442%. It was stated that there were significant differences between the dispositional mental states of female and male teachers in terms of formal characteristics and content loading of components.

Conclusions. The scientific value of empirical facts about the dispositional mental states of university teachers who were internally displaced as a result of wartime action is justified. The importance of incorporating the discovered results into scientific and educational processes is emphasised.


Download data is not yet available.


Blynova, O., Derevianko, S., Ivanova, O., Popovych, I., & Estay Sepulveda, J. G. (2022). Professional relevance of potential labor emigrants. Revista Notas Históricas y Geográficas, 29, 88-106.

Colclasure, B. C., Marlier, A., Durham, M. F., Brooks, T. D., & Kerr, M. (2021). Identified challenges from faculty teaching at predominantly undergraduate institutions after abrupt transition to emergency remote teaching during the COVID-19 pandemic. Education Sciences, 11(9), Article 556. https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci11090556

Godoy, L. D., Falcoski, R., Incrocci, R. M., Versuti, F. M., & Padovan-Neto, F. E. (2021). The Psychological Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in remote learning in higher education. Education Sciences, 11(9), Article 473. https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci11090473

Halian, A., Halian, I., Popovych, I., Zavatskyi, Y., Semenov, O., & Semenova, N. (2021). Stress resistance in the situation of uncertainty as a factor of development of adaptive ability of medical personnel. BRAIN. Broad Research in Artificial Intelligence and Neuroscience, 12(1), 251-264. https://doi.org/10.18662/brain/12.1/181

Hudimova, A., Popovych, I., Savchuk, O., Liashko, V., Pyslar, A., & Hrys, A. (2021). Research on the relationship between excessive use of social media and young athletes’ physical activity. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 21(6), 3364-3373. https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2021.06456

Hulias, I. A., & Hoian, I. M. (2022). Explication of factors of the axiopsychological design of life achievements of modern youth. Insight: The Psychological Dimensions of Society, 7, 41-57. https://doi.org/10.32999/2663-970X/2022-7-4

Hulias, I., & Karpenko, Z. (2022). Axiopsychological differences of men’s and women’s gender displays in modern Ukraine. Journal of Education Culture and Society, 13(1), 351-368. https://doi.org/10.15503/jecs2022.1.351.368

Karpenko, Z. S., & Klympush, A. R. (2023). Future psychologists’ dispositional predictors of psychological well-being under martial law. Insight: The Psychological Dimensions of Society, 9, 11-32. https://doi.org/10.32999/KSU2663-970X/2023-9-2

Khraban, T. E., & Silko, O. V. (2022). Combat and military-professional stress: the influence of emotions and emotional states on the choice of coping strategies. Insight: The Psychological Dimensions of Society, 8, 71-87. https://doi.org/10.32999/2663-970X/2022-8-6

Kobylarek, A., Alaverdov, E., Jakubowska, L. (2021). The significance of a pandemic in teaching foreign languages, with special regard to the teaching of seniors. XLinguae European Scientific Language Review, 14(1), 73-80. https://doi.org/10.18355/XL.2021.14.01.06

Kobylarek, A., Błaszczyński, K., Ślósarz, L., Madej, M., Carmo, A., Hlad, Ľ., Králik, R., Akimjak, A., Judák, V., Maturkanič, P., Biryukova, Y., Tokárová, B., Martin, J. G., & Petrikovičová, L. (2022). The quality of life among university of the third age students in Poland, Ukraine and Belarus. Sustainability, 14(4), Article 2049. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14042049

Kobylarek, A., Plavčan, P., & Amini Golestani, T. (2021). Educational priorities in a post pandemic world. Journal of Education Culture and Society, 12(2), 5-11. https://doi.org/10.15503/jecs2021.2.5.11

Kravchuk, S., & Khalanskyi, V. (2022). Forgiveness as a predictor of mental health in citizens living in the military conflict zone (2019-2020). Journal of Education Culture and Society, 13(1), 67-76. https://doi.org/10.15503/jecs2022.1.67.76

Kriukova, T. L., & Kuftiak, Ye. V. (2007). Oprosnik sposobov sovladaniya (adaptatsiya metodiki WCQ) [The questionnaire of controlling (the adaptation of the methods WCQ)]. Zhurnal Prakticheskogo Psihologa, 3(93), 102-112. https://www.twirpx.com/file/1656062/

Kuzikova S. B., Zlyvkov V. L., & Lukomska S. O. (2023). Traumatic experience of residents of the de-occupied territories of Ukraine. Insight: The Psychological Dimensions of Society, 9, 228-243. https://doi.org/10.32999/KSU2663-970X/2023-9-13

Lazarus, R. S., & Folkman, S. (1984). Stress, appraisal, and coping. Springer Publishing Company.

Ministerstvo Z Pytan’ Reintehratsii Tymchasovo Okupovanykh Terytorii Ukrainy. (2023). Kil’kist’ vnutrishnio peremishchenykh osib (VPO) v Ukraini [The Number of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in Ukraine]. https://minre.gov.ua/2022/05/11/kilkist-vnutrishno-peremishhenyh-osib-vpo-v-ukrayini-perevyshhyla-8-mln-lyudej-zvidky-j-kudy-yihaly-najbilshe/

Nosov, P. S., Popovych, I. S., Cherniavskyi, V. V., Zinchenko, S. M., Prokopchuk Y. A., & Makarchuk D. V. (2020). Automated identification of an operator anticipation on marine transport. Radio Electronics, Computer Science, Control, 3, 158-172. https://doi.org/10.15588/1607-3274-2020-3-15

Pirrone, C., Di Corrado, D., Privitera, A., Castellano, S., & Varrasi, S. (2022). Students’ mathematics anxiety at distance and in-person learning conditions during COVID-19 pandemic: Are there any differences? An exploratory study. Education Sciences, 12(6), Article 379. https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci12060379

Plokhikh, V. V. (2022). Limitation of psychological defenses on the formation of students’ time perspective. Insight: The Psychological Dimensions of Society, 8, 39-55. https://doi.org/10.32999/2663-970X/2022-8-4

Plokhikh, V. V. (2023). Relationship between coping behavior and students’ perceptions of the passage of time. Insight: The Psychological Dimensions of Society, 9, 72-93. https://doi.org/10.32999/KSU2663-970X/2023-9-5

Plokhikh, V. V., & Yanovska, S. G. (2022). Sex differentiation in the organization of emergency sensorimotor action. Insight: The Psychological Dimensions of Society, 7, 24-39. https://doi.org/10.32999/2663-970X/2022-7-3

Plokhikh, V. V., Popovych, I., Zavatska, N., Losiyevska, O., Zinchenko, S., Nosov, P., & Aleksieieva, M. (2021). Time synthesis in organization of sensorimotor action. BRAIN. Broad Research in Artificial Intelligence and Neuroscience, 12(4), 164-188. https://doi.org/10.18662/brain/12.4/243

Popovych, I. S. (2017). Psychology of social expectations of personality [Doctoral Dissertation’s extended abstract, Volodymyr Dahl East-Ukrainian National University]. http://ekhsuir.kspu.edu/handle/123456789/6464

Popovych, I., Blynova, O., Nass Álvarez, J. L., Nosov, P., & Zinchenko, S. (2021). A historical dimension of the research on social expectations of an individual. Revista Notas Históricas y Geográficas, 27, 190-217.

Popovych, I., Borysiuk, A., Semenov, O., Semenova, N., Serbin, I., & Reznikova, O. (2022). Comparative analysis of the mental state of athletes for risk-taking in team sports. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 22(4), 848-857. https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2022.04107

Popovych, I., Chervinskyi, A., Kazibekova, V., Chervinska, I., & Machynska, N. (2021). Empirical research of the typology of social expectations of the personality. Amazonia Investiga, 10(43), 112-122. https://doi.org/10.34069/AI/2021.43.07.11

Popovych, I., Halian, I., Pavliuk, M., Kononenko, A., Hrys, A., & Tkachuk, T. (2022). Emotional quotient in the structure of mental burnout of athletes. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 22(2), 337-345. https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2022.02043

Popovych, I., Hoi, N., Koval, I., Vorobel, M., Semenov, O., Semenova, N., & Hrys, A. (2022). Strengthening of student youth’s mental health using play sports. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 22(6), 1384-1395. https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2022.06174

Popovych, I., Koval, I., Raievska, Ya., Piletskyi, V., Buryanovatiy, O., & Hrynchuk, O. (2023). Dominating mental states of the representatives of individual sports under lockdown and martial law: Comparative analysis. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 23(1), 170-178. https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2023.01021

Popovych, I., Machynska, N., Yaremchuk, N., Korniat, V., & Kurinna, V. (2022). Psycho-emotional states of future specialists in a socionomic area under lockdown and martial law: comparative analysis. Amazonia Investiga, 11(56), 150-158. https://doi.org/10.34069/AI/2022.56.08.16

Prokhorov, A. O., Yusupov, M. G., & Plokhikh, V. V. (2015). Cognitive states in the process of students’ intellectual activity. The New Educational Review, 41(3), 263-274. https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2015.41.3.21

Ryff, C. (1989). Happiness is everything, or is it? Explorations on the meaning of psychological well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57, 1069-1081. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.57.6.1069

Zigmond, A. S., & Snaith, R. P. (1983). The hospital anxiety and depression scale. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 67(6), 361-70. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0447.1983.tb09716.x




How to Cite

Popovych, I., Hudimova, A., Bokhonkova, Y., Savchuk, O., Hoian, I., & Shevchenko, N. (2023). Dispositional Mental States of Internally Displaced University Teachers Under Martial Law: Gender Differences. Journal of Education Culture and Society, 14(2), 171–187. https://doi.org/10.15503/jecs2023.2.171.181