Keynesianism vs. Classical Economic Theory: European Refugee Crisis and the Fall of Multiculturalism


  • Aliaksei Igor Patonia University of LiverpoolUniversity of St Andrews



European Union, global economic crisis, Fukuyama, Hofstede, cultural dimensions, liberal democracies, Keynesianism, classical economic model, refugees


Posing arguments against statistical evidence picturing the European Union as the key world economy, the research views the economic model of the EU through the prism of Hofstede’s cultural dimensions, explaining its lower resistance towards the global economic crisis and comparing it to China – a country with authoritarian governmental methods – that suffered to a significantly lesser extent. Based on the example of these two entities, the paper views the topic of the current refugee crisis in Europe representing it as a new crucial trial for the EU that potentially checks classical economic theory for consistency. According to the author, if found effective, in the foreseeable future it will form a sound basis for further development, if not – it will likely be replaced by the Keynesian paradigm. Thus, with the current refugee crisis in Europe, the author juxtaposes liberal economy with the state-regulated one. This is done to give hints at the importance of the crisis per se, as it is believed to be capable of shattering some of the fundamental principles of the current world order.


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Author Biography

Aliaksei Igor Patonia, University of LiverpoolUniversity of St Andrews

student, School of Management, University of Liverpool/ Department of Geography and Sustainable Development, University of St Andrews

scientific interests: economy and politics


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How to Cite

Patonia, A. I. (2017). Keynesianism vs. Classical Economic Theory: European Refugee Crisis and the Fall of Multiculturalism. Journal of Education Culture and Society, 8(2), 13–20.