Motivational readiness of children to school in nuclear and single parent families
The aim of the paper is a comparison of psychological readiness of the child to go to school in nuclear and single parent families. To obtain the objectives of the paper the following methods were used: 1) methods “Two schools” by L.A Venger to identify the level of formation of internal position of the student; 2) the method “Motivational research studies in older preschoolers” by M.R. Ginsburg; 3) method “Pattern” by L.I. Tsehanskaya to determine the degree of development of skills training activities; 4) method “Graphic dictation” by D. El’konin to study the ability to follow adult instructions. The investigated group consisted of 40 students from first grade secondary school - 20 students from nuclear families (12 girls and 8 boys) and 20 students from single parent families (9 girls and 11 boys). As a result of qualitative, comparative and correlation analysis it was shown that readiness of children to go to school susbstantially depends on completness of their families. The children from families have a higher level of skill training and internal position than children from single parent families. This occurs because both parents pay more attention to the children in the forming of a willingness to learn in school. The studies have shown that in the group of children from nuclear families dominate the highest level of development of skills training activities, increased formation of internal positions and childrens social motivation. These indicators are the hallmarks of readiness to learn at school. Also, some recommendations to teachers are provided as for increase of motivation to learn in children from single parent families.
Björklund, A. & Sundström, M. (2002). Parental Separation and Children’s Educational Attainment: A Siblings Approach. Retrieved from: http://ftp.iza.org/dp643.pdf.
Boethel, M. (2004). Readiness School, Family, & Community Connection, Texas: SEDL.
Bozhovich, L.I. (2000). Личность и ее формирование в детском возрасте [Personality and its formation in childhood]. Samara: Бахрах-М.
Dutkevich, T.V. (2009). Дошкільна психологія: навчальний посібник [Preschool psychology: textbook], Кiev: Центр учбової літератури.
El’konin D.B. (1999). Психология игры [Psychology of game}, Мoscov: Гуманит. изд. центр ВЛАДОС.
Ermisch, J. F., & Francesconi, M. (2001). Family Structure and Children’s Achievements. Journal of Population Economics, 14, 249-70.
Evenhouse, E., & Reilly, S. (2004). A Sibling Study of Stepchild Well-Being. Journal of Human Resources, 39, 248-76.
Ginther, D. K, & Pollak R.A. (2004). Family Structure and Children's Educational Outcomes: Blended Families, Stylized Facts, and Descriptive Regressions. Demography , 41, 671-696 .
Ginzburg, M.R. (1988). Развитие мотивов учения у детей 6-7 лет [Development of learning motives in children of 6-7 years], Мoscov: Педагогика.
Gutkina, N.I. (2000). Психологическая готовность к школе [Psychological readiness to school], Мoscov: Академический Проект.
Kohen, D. E., Hertzman, C., & Brooks-Gunn, J. (1998). Neighborhood influences on children’s school readiness. Hull, Quebec: Applied Research Branch, Strategic Policy, Human Resources Development Canada.
Pianta, R. C., & McCoy, S. J. (1997). The first day of school: The predictive validity of early school screening. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 18, 1-22
Piotrkowski, C. S. (2004). A community-based approach to school readiness in Head Start. In: E. Zigler & S. J. Styfco (Eds.), The Head Start debates (pp. 129-142). Baltimore: Paul H. Brookes Publishing Co.
Venger, L.A., Venger, A. L. (1994) Готов ли ваш ребенок к школе? [Is your child ready to school?], Мoscov: Просвещение.
Copyright (c) 2020 Kateryna Ostrovska, Sophia Grabovska
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. All authors agree for publishing their email adresses, affiliations and short bio statements with their articles during the submission process.