The Language of Crisis and the Problem of Historical Meaning. Nietzsche, Heidegger, Kolakowski

  • Gabriel Popa West University of Timisoara; Romania, 300223 Timisoara, 4 “Vasile Parvan” Boulevard
Keywords: crisis, history, relativism, Kolakowski, Nietzsche, Heidegger

Abstract

The main task of our paper is to emphasize the relationship between the dominant historical paradigm which emerges at the end of the 19th Century and the contemporary embrace of  crisis language. We will see that the dawn of the historical school and of historicism in general brings forth the dissolution of the last remains of the Absolute figures, thus leaving us in front of desolation and emptiness. Post-modern skepticism and relativism became the dominant features that shape our intellectual and moral landscape, trapping us within a seemingly inescapable situation of crisis which finds its own language and expressions. Our journey will trace back to the origins and main motivations of what has been described as a constancy of the post-modern condition as it is described by Kolakowski in one of his essays from 1989, finding along our way writers like Heidegger and Nietzsche which we think  are our best witnesses of the main variations of the relation between the meaning of history and the crisis-consciousness.

References

Bambach, C. R. (1995). Heidegger, Dilthey and the Crisis of Historicism. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press.

Berdiaev, N. (2006). The Meaning of History. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers, translated by M. N. Banerjee.

Megill, A. (1985). Prophets of Extremity: Nietzsche, Heidegger, Foucault, Derrida. Berkeley, New York: University of California Press.

Fukuyama, F. (1992). The End of History and the Last Man. New York: The Free Press.

Heidegger, M. (1962). Being and Time. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, translated by J. Macquarrie and E. Robinson.

Heidegger, M. (2001). Phenomenological Interpretations of Aristotle, Initiation into Phenomenological Research. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, translated by R. Rojcewicz.

Kolakowski, L. (2012). Is God Happy? Selected Essays. New York: Penguin Books.

Kuhn, T. (1962). Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Nietzsche, F. (1983). Untimely Meditations. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, translated by R. J. Hollingdale.

Published
2020-01-02
How to Cite
Popa, G. (2020). The Language of Crisis and the Problem of Historical Meaning. Nietzsche, Heidegger, Kolakowski. Journal of Education Culture and Society, 6(2), 110-121. https://doi.org/10.15503/jecs20152.110.121