The biopolitics of violence: Instances of Anti-Semitism in interwar Romania

  • Mihai Adrian Panu Faculty of Political Science, Philosophy and Communication Science. West University of Timişoara. Blvd. V. Parvan, nr. 4 300223 Timişoara, Romania
Keywords: Anti-Semitism, Ethnicity, Biopolitics, Eugenics, Eastern Europe

Abstract

The primacy of totalitarian ideologies in interwar Europe represents even nowadays a major historiographical challenge due to its multicausal character and various forms of appearance. This paper attempts to analyze the anti-Semitic phenomenon in interwar Romania primarily by taking into account its determinant factors. We assume that the emergence of radical ideologies in Central and Eastern Europe can optimally be understood if both regional and systemic causes are properly highlighted. The regional causes include local societal predispositions, ethno-cultural cleavages and specific political movements. On the other hand the systemic causes imply predominantly geopolitical factors and the repartition of power in the international system. Moreover we assume that the emergence and manifestations of extremism can be considered a direct result of political disputes between ethno-cultural groups which were systematically exposed to ideological and propaganda pressure.

References

Alexander D., Numbers R.(2010). Biology and ideology from Descartes to Dawkins, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Brubaker R. (2004). Ethnicity without groups, Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Campbell T., Sitze A.(2013). Biopolitics. A reader, London: Duke University Press.

Esposito Roberto (2008). Bios: Biopolitics and Philosophy. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Foucault M. (2007). Naşterea biopoliticii. Cluj: Editura Idea Design&Print.

Jădăneanţ A.(2015). The Collapse of Constitutional Legalism: Racial Laws and the Ethno-cultural Construction of National Identity in Romania during World War II. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, Volume 183. 40-46.

Kührer-Wielach F. (2014). Siebenbürgen ohne Siebenbürger? Zentralstaatliche Integration und politischer Regionalismus nach dem Ersten Weltkrieg. Band 153 der Reihe “Südosteuropäische Arbeiten”. Berlin: de Gruyter.

Malesevic S. (2006). Identity as Ideology. Understanding Ethnicity and Nationalism. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Maull O.(1939). Das Wesen der Geopolitik. Leipzig: Teubner.

Proctor R. (1998). Racial Hygiene: Medicine under the Nazis. Harvard University Press.

Smith A. (1998). Nationalism and modernism: a critical survey of recent theories of nations and nationalism. London: Routledge.

Smith A. (2009). Ethno-symbolism and Nationalism. A cultural approach. London: Routledge.

Turda M., Weindling P. (2007). “Blood and Homeland”: Eugenics and Racial Nationalism in Central and Southeast Europe, 1900–1940. Budapest: Central European University Press.

Voegelin E. (2010). Religiile politice. Bucuresti: Humanitas.

Woodley D. (2010). Fascism and Political Theory. Critical perspectives on fascist ideology. London: Routledge.

Published
2020-01-01
How to Cite
Panu, M. A. (2020). The biopolitics of violence: Instances of Anti-Semitism in interwar Romania. Journal of Education Culture and Society, 6(2), 43-52. https://doi.org/10.15503/jecs20152.43.52