A study of research skills of Kosovar students: An assessment of the influence of inclusion, exclusion, ethnicity, parental education and gender

  • Arif Shala Institute for Professional Development Prishtina AAB College, Rr. ”Elez Berisha”, nr. 56, Zona Industriale Prishtinë - Fushë Kosovë, 10000 Prishtinë, Republika e Kosovës https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6605-0532
  • Albulene Grajcevci Institute for Professional Development Prishtina Albulene Grajcevci, University of Mitrovica "Isa Boletini", Rr. Ukshin Kovacica, 40000 Mitrovice, Republika e Kosoves https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5697-3691
Keywords: Research skills, parental education, inclusion, exclusion, Kosovo


Aim. The aim of the current study is to address a gap in literature as well as explore the factors influencing the perceptions that Kosovar students hold over their research skills. To that end, the study assessed students’ perceptions on their research abilities as well as the variables which influence these perceptions, namely inclusion, exclusion, ethnicity, gender and parental education.

Methods. The study employed the quantitative research approach and 303 Kosovar university students participated in the study by answering an instrument composed of three different scales measuring the variables in the study, namely the research skills scale, inclusion scale and exclusion scale. In addition the participants answered ten demographic questions. Participation in the study was on a volunteer basis and the results were analyzed with the SPSS package.

Results. Participants in this study reported the highest levels of research skills when they reported being included in academic settings. Ethnicity was a powerful influencing variable. Participants who belonged to minority groups were the ones to report the lowest levels of abilities. Contrary to existing literature, gender did not influence perceptions on abilities. Additionally, unlike in a vast number of research studies, parental education did not influence perceptions that Kosovar students held over their research skills.

Conclusions. This study is the first one to research skill acquisition among student populations in Kosovo; a region that is almost absent in international literature. This research presents an overview of variables predicting perceptions held by Kosovar students on their research skills with ethnicity and inclusion being detrimental to perceptions of research skills. 

Author Biographies

Arif Shala, Institute for Professional Development Prishtina AAB College, Rr. ”Elez Berisha”, nr. 56, Zona Industriale Prishtinë - Fushë Kosovë, 10000 Prishtinë, Republika e Kosovës

Arif Shala  PhD, is a Researcher at the Professional Development Institute PDI-Prishtina in Kosovo.  He  holds  a  PhD  in  Education  from  the  Ludwig  Maximilians  University,  Munich  (Germany).  His  expertise  is  in  educational  science, with a specific focus on 21st Century skills, student performance, learning in the new era, online learning and inclusion. He is currently a professor at the AAB College in Kosove.

Albulene Grajcevci, Institute for Professional Development Prishtina Albulene Grajcevci, University of Mitrovica "Isa Boletini", Rr. Ukshin Kovacica, 40000 Mitrovice, Republika e Kosoves

Albulene  Grajcevci is  a  Researcher  at  the  Professional  Development  Institute PDI -Prishtina in Kosovo.  She  holds  degrees  from  the  Ludwig   Maximilians University in Munich (Germany) and the University of Prishtina (Kosovo).  Her  expertise  is  in  educational  psychology,  with  a  special  focus  on  achievement  goals,  achievement  emotions,  organizational  learning  and  computer enhanced learning. Currently she teaches at the University of Mitrovica “Isa Boletini” in Mitrovice, Kosove.


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How to Cite
Shala, A., & Grajcevci, A. (2019). A study of research skills of Kosovar students: An assessment of the influence of inclusion, exclusion, ethnicity, parental education and gender. Journal of Education Culture and Society, 10(1), 187-199. https://doi.org/10.15503/jecs20191.187.199