The The Importance of Regional Triangular - India-Pakistan-Afghanistan and Russian Interests in the Region


  • Emilia Alaverdov Faculty of Law and International Relations, Georgian Technical University Kostava str. 77, 0160 Tbilisi, Georgia



Russia, India, Pakistan, Afganistan, Asia, Region, Neighborhood, Politics


Aim. The paper aims to analyze the importance of such tangled triangular as India-Pakistan-Afghanistan and their impact over the whole Asia and its regional stability and security. The already complex region is complicated by interference of such great powers as Russia and pursuing its interests in the whole regional politics and each country separately. The paper examines the strategic interests and the level of cooperation and influence of India in Afghanistan and its implications for Pakistan.

Methods. The study mainly is based on the following research methods: descriptive, analysis and document analysis, and analytical. The paper is based on the books, scientific papers, studies and researches conducted by the field’s researchers. 

Results. We can claim that the work clearly describes the significant role of India that makes its presence justified there to achieve its broader aims via Afghanistan. Although there will remain a sizeable role of US presence in Afghanistan, however, India is providing local socio-economic infrastructure and civil, military, and political services to promote peace and security in the war-torn country, which represents a threat and anxiety for the whole region.

Conclusion. Regional cooperation between the five landlocked Central American republics, Afghanistan, Iran, and Pakistan opens up new directions and opportunities for the development of trade and economic relations. The Central Asian republics show great interest in the establishment of transport corridors through Afghanistan with access to the warm seas of the Arabian Sea and the Persian Gulf. Iran and Pakistan are developing their ports in anticipation of increased exports/imports and increased transit of goods.

Keywords: Russia, India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Asia, region, neighborhood, politics


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Emilia Alaverdov, Faculty of Law and International Relations, Georgian Technical University Kostava str. 77, 0160 Tbilisi, Georgia

Ph.D. in Political Science, associate professor, Faculty of Law and International Relations since 2011. She received her bachelor's degree in Languages and Literature, has been awarded a qualification of Philologist of English Language and Literature and Spanish Language and Literature, Ilia Chavchavadze State University, Tbilisi, Georgia. Has a master's degree in International Relations and Politics from the Diplomatic Academy of Georgia.  Member of Editorial Board of 10 International Journals, the editor of 4 books, author of about 20 scientific papers and co-author of 6 books, participant of 8 Erasmus + Projects and more than 50 international scientific conferences (majority abroad), and organizer of various international scientific events. Her research interests are religion, migration, religious tourism, and European and Russian studies. She is fluent in the following languages: English, Russian, Georgian, Azerbaijani, Armenian, and Greek.



Belokrenitski, V., Moskalento, V., & Shaumyan, T. (2003). South Asia in World Politics. International Relations.

Donovan, J. (2004). Afghanistan: as Kabul Appeals to Opponents, Radical Faction Makes Peace Gesture.

Funding Proposal Foundation. (2015). Enhanced Voluntary Return and Reintegration Package for Afghan Refugees.

Kawsar, M. D. (2020). India and Pakistan Rivalry in Afghanistan: A new Imperialism in the Making? Kardan Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 3 (1), 65–76.

Korgun, V. (2004). Russia and Afghanistan. In V. Korgun (Ed). The History of Afghanistan in the XX Century (pp. 115-125). Institute of Oriental Studies. RAS.

Mayley, W. (2010). Afghanistan in Terms of History and Geography. International Journal of Red Cross.

Moskalenko, V., & Topychkanov, P. (2013). Strength and Weakness of Pakistan. Center Carnegie.

Moskalenko, V. (2004). Pakistan and Afghanistan: Changing Course. In V. Korgun (Ed). The History of Afghanistan in the XX Century (pp. 125-142). Institute of Oriental Studies. RAS.

Mullen, R. D. (2017). India in Afghanistan: Understanding Development Assistance by Emerging Donors to Conflict-Affected Countries. School for Conflict Analysis and Resolution. George Mason University/Stimson Center.

Mullen, R., D. (2013). India-Afghanistan Partnership. Indian Development Cooperation Program. Centre for Policy Research.

Price, G., & Hakimi, H. (2019). Afghanistan Lessons from Cross-border Engagement. Chatham House.

Panichkin, Y. (2015). Pakistan-Afghanistan Relations: Evolution, Problems, Solutions in 1947 – 2014. Federal State Institution of Science. Institute of Oriental Studies. RAS.

Raza, M., & Mustafa, A. G. (2019). Indo-Afghanistan Relations: Implication for Pakistan. Central Asia, (84)1, 51-79.

Rawan, N., & Grishin, O. (2020). Importance of Afghanistan for Regional Security in South and East Asia. Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia.

Rubin, B. (2017). Beyond Stalemate in Afghanistan. Center on International Cooperation.

Rath, S. K. (2013). Asia’s Changing History: India’s Relations with Afghanistan and Pakistan. Asian and African Studies, 22(2), 302-331.

Shaumyan, T. (2004). India Afghanistan. In V. Korgun (Ed). Afghanistan in the Early XXI Century (pp. 149-158). Institute of Study of Israel and the Middle East, Institute of Oriental Studies RAS.

Sadat, H. (2016). Pakistan Coercion, UN Complicity. The Mass Forced Return of Afghanistan Refugees.

Sethi, H. (2020). A See-Saw Relationship: An Overview of Afghanistan’s Ties with India and Pakistan. E-International Relations.

Shorrocks, A., Davies, J., & Rodrigo, L. (2019). Global wealth 2019: The Year in Review. Credit Suisse Research Institute.

Sharma, R. (2011). India’s relations with Afghanistan. In D. Scott (Ed). Handbook of India’s International Relations. Routledge (pp.107-118).

Saikal, A. (1987). The Afghanistan Conflict Gorbachev’s Options. The Strategic and Defence Studies. Centre Research School of Pacific Studies. The Australian National University.

Trenin, D., & Malashenko, A. (2010) Afghanistan: A View from the North. Carnegie Endowment.

Toporkov, M. (2014). Afghanistan: The Soviet Factor at the Origins of the Crisis. Interactive Plus.

United Nation. (2002). Agreement between the Government of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, the Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees Governing the Repatriation of Afghan Citizens Living in Pakistan.

Yurlov, F., & Yurlova, E. (2010). History of India of the XX Century. Institute of Oriental Studies. RAS.




How to Cite

Alaverdov, E. . (2022). The The Importance of Regional Triangular - India-Pakistan-Afghanistan and Russian Interests in the Region. Journal of Education Culture and Society, 13(2), 85–94.