Mediation Principles in the Civil Society and Features of Their Application in the Educational Environment of Ukraine


  • Anzhelika Sheremet I. Malynovskyi Institute of Law of the National University of Ostroh Academy, Ukraine
  • Tetiana Blashchuk I. Malynovskyi Institute of Law of the National University of Ostroh Academy, Ukraine
  • Serhii Ishchuk I. Malynovskyi Institute of Law of the National University of Ostroh Academy, Ukraine



mediation, alternative dispute resolution, principle, rule of law, confidentiality, voluntariness, educational environment, civil society institutions


Aim. The main purpose of research presented in this article is to analyse mediation principles as an alternative way of dispute resolution and features of their application in the educational environment of Ukraine. For which purpose it was necessary to perform the following tasks: - the concept and role of mediation principles were studied; - certain types of mediation principles were defined; - the essence and significance of the most important mediation principles were revealed; - and the application of mediation principles in Ukraine was clarified. In Ukraine, civil society institutions have been trying on their own to introduce and promote mediation as a way of alternative dispute resolution. However, systemic problems of access to justice require finding other ways to resolve conflict situations. Mediation becomes especially relevant in the context of COVID-19 coronavirus pandemic, when access to the court system is limited.

Methods. The study is based on the analysis of enacted regulations and their comparison in different countries, as well as information obtained from the study of literature, including works by authors of both legal and other social sciences where mediation is used as a means of compromise, including psychology, medicine, ecology, along with the use of tools and comments specific to the study of law. To study the prospects and effective application of mediation principles in the educational environment, sociological surveys of various participants of the educational process were conducted.

Results. The results of study showed that certain types of mediation principles are applied in different countries taking into account the peculiarities of national legal systems. Notwithstanding, such principles as the rule of law, the principle of equality (equal rights) of the parties, the principle of voluntariness, confidentiality and mediator behaviour (independence and impartiality, trust and justice) are applied in most of the studied national models of mediation, consequently they can be called fundamental. The survey results have revealed the readiness of the educational environment to introduce mediation as a tool for resolving conflicts in the educational environment.  In Ukraine, the draft law “On Mediation” defines general principles of mediation; however, the problem is insufficiently clear criteria for disputes that cannot be transferred to mediation. In addition, the principle of the rule of law should be defined as one of the fundamental principles of mediation.

Conclusions. The specifics of the implementation of mediation principles in Ukraine and their correlation with the principles of the judicial process require further research.



Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Anzhelika Sheremet, I. Malynovskyi Institute of Law of the National University of Ostroh Academy, Ukraine

Graduate student of the Department of Civil and Legal Disciplines of the I. Malinovsky Institute of Law of the Ostroh Academy National University

I am conducting research on the scientific topic: Mediation in civil legal relations. The purpose of the study is to conduct a comprehensive scientific and theoretical analysis of the development of alternative methods of dispute resolution in Ukraine and the possibility of reconciliation of the parties to the dispute in the courts by reaching a mutually acceptable solution with the assistance of a mediator, as well as to formulate proposals and recommendations for improving legislation in the specified area, creating a scientifically based concept for its further development.

Together with other researchers and personally prepared a total of 11 articles published in Ukraine and foreign publications.

Scientific interests: mediation, alternative methods of conflict resolution, protection of rights.

Tetiana Blashchuk, I. Malynovskyi Institute of Law of the National University of Ostroh Academy, Ukraine

PhD (Legal Science), Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Civil Law Disciplines of I. Malynovskyi Institute of Law of the National University of "Ostroh Academy". Head of a group of researchers on the research topic "Problems of personal non-property and property rights." The purpose of the study is to develop existing research in the field of implementation and realization of personal non-property and property rights in Ukraine. Together with other researchers and personally prepared a total of 20 articles published in Ukraine. Three top-level articles (Q1 and Q2) and two lower-level articles in international journals have also been published. The subject of works develops the direction of realization and realization of personal non-property in Ukraine, in particular in the field of medical law. The study identified problems that arose in Ukraine during the pandemic in the educational environment, showed the development of health care reform in Ukraine, as well as the relationship between private and public interest in the vaccination process.

Research interests: medical law; the right to life, health and medical care; health care, protection of personal non-property rights.

Serhii Ishchuk, I. Malynovskyi Institute of Law of the National University of Ostroh Academy, Ukraine

Doctor of Law, Associate Professor, Director of the Educational and Scientific Institute of Law by I. Malinowskyi, Independent Director in the Supervisory Board of PJSC ArselorMittal Kryvyi Rih, Lawyer. In 2021 defended his doctoral dissertation on the topic “Civil society in terms of the European integration development of Ukraine: theoretical and practical aspects”. The dissertation is a research of civil society as a complex system of public relations which is aimed to mobilize and protect private and collective interests of representatives of society in all spheres of public life. The sphere of civil society provides equal cooperation between civil society and the state: the suspension is constructively infused into the processes of suspension and power development. As a result, such type of society constructively influences on the processes of social and state development.

Research interests: civil society, civil control, civil society institutions.


Aguiar de Carvalho, Victor (2018). Health assessment from the point of view of economic analysis of law: the study of incentives for filing and out-of-court dispute resolution. Revista Brasileira de Politicas Publicas, 8 (3), 308-326. Retrieved from

Amirthalingam, K. (2017) Medical Dispute Resolution, Patient Safety, and Physician-Patient Relationships. Singapore Medical Journal, 58(12), 681-684.

Avimska, O. V. (2009) Принципы медиации (посредничества) [Mediation Principles]. Arbitration court, 5, 147-155.

Barcz, Jan (2013). Intergovernmental measures consolidating the euro area (in the light of Judgement of the Court of Justice of the EU in Pringle case). Panstwo i Prawo, 8, 3-19.

Belinska, O. (2011) Медіація – альтернативне вирішення спорів. [Mediation is an alternative dispute resolution]. Bulletin of the High Council of Justice. 1(5), 158-173.

Belskaya, I.A. & Hellmann, W. (Eds.). (2015) Теория и практика медиации (посредничества) в экономической сфере : учеб.-метод. пособие [The theory and practice of mediation in the economic sphere: study guide]. Minsk: Publ. Center BSU.

Biard, A. (2019) Impact of Directive 2013/11/EU on Consumer ADR Quality: Evidence from France and the UK. Retrieved from

Brian, A. Lianh, Doctor of Philosophy, Ph.D. (1998) Understanding and Application of Alternative Dispute Resolution Methods in Contemporary Medical Conflicts. Journal of Legal Medicine, 19(3), 397-430, DOI: 10.1080/ 01947649809511069.

Burton, J. (1990). Conflict: Resolution and Prevention. NY : St. Martin's Press.

Commission Recommendation 2001/310 / EC of 4 April, 2001, on the operation principles of the out-of-court bodies involved in the compromise of consumer dispute resolution (OB L 109, 19.4.2001, 56-57). Retrieved from

Deason, Ellen E. (2001) the Quest for Uniformity in Mediation Confidentiality: Foolish Consistency or Crucial Predictability? Marquette Law Review, Vol. 85. Retrieved from

Dmitriiev, A.V., Kudriavtsev, V.N., Kudriavtsev, S.V. (1993). Введение в общую теорию конфликтов [Introduction to the general theory of conflicts]. M.: Institute of Science. inform. in social sciences.

European Code of Conduct for Mediators. Retrieved from

Haidenko, Sher N. (2011). Обязательная медиация: опит Италии [Mandatory mediation: the experience of Italy]. Arbitration court, 1, 156-165.

Hall, M. (2017). Exploring the cultural dimensions of environmental victimization. Palgrave Commun. Retrieved from

Karpeniuk, O.S. (2008). Legal regulation of mediation in the resolution of foreign economic disputes. (D.J.S. thesis). Russian Academy of Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation, Moscow.

Kirtlty, A. (1998) Confidentiality in Mediation. Dispute Resolution Magazine. Winter: P. 5-7.

Kovach, K. Н. (1994) Mediation: Principles and Practice. St. Paul: West Publishing Co.

Krasilovska, Z. (2017). Establishment of the institute of mediation in the system of public administration: theoretical and legal aspects. (Diss. of the candidate of public administration) Odessa Regional Institute for Public Administration of the National Academy for Public Administration under the President of Ukraine, Odessa.

Liubchenko, Y.P. (2018). Alternative methods of legal disputes resolution: theoretical and legal aspects. (D.J.S. thesis) Yaroslav Mudryi National Law University, Kharkiv.

Matsumoto, S. (2011) Duration of analysis of alternative environmental dispute resolution in Japan. Ecological economy; 70 (4), 659–666.

Mazaraki, N.A. (2019). Theoretical and legal bases of mediation introduction in Ukraine. (Diss.D.J.S.). Institute of Legislation of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, Kyiv. Retrieved from

McEwen, G., Mainman R. (1984) Mediation in Small Claims Court: Achieving Compliance through Consent. Lawand Society Review, 18(1), 11-49.

Melenko, O. (2020) Mediation as an Alternative Form of Dispute Resolution: Comparative-Legal Analysis. European journal of law and public administration, 7(2), 46-63. Retrieved from

Mernitz, S (1980) Mediation of environmental disputes. Praeger: New York, New York.

Mnookin, R.H. (2002) Alternative Dispute Resolution. In: Newman P. (eds) The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics and the Law. Palgrave Macmillan, London. Retrieved from

Mozhaikina, O.S. (2017). Поняття та зміст основних принципів медіації в цивільно-правових відносинах [The concept and content of the basic mediation principles in civil law relations]. Actual problems of domestic jurisprudence, 5, 55-58.

Ohrenchuk, H.O. (2014). Добровільність та конфіденційність як основоположні принципи медіації [Voluntariness and confidentiality as fundamental mediation principles]. Our right, 10, 177–183.

Ohrenchuk, H.O. (2016). Legal regulation of mediation application at the decision of civil law disputes. (Dis ... D.J.S.) National Academy of Internal Affairs Kyiv: 213 p.

On Alternative Dispute Resolution Procedure with Mediator (Mediation Procedure): Federal Law of July 27, 2010 N 193-ФЗ Retrieved from )

On Arbitration Courts: Law of Ukraine of 11.05.2004 No. 1701-IV Retrieved from http://zakon2.

On certain aspects of mediation in civil and commercial matters. Directive 2008/52/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 May, 2008, Retrieved 2020-03-18 from

On information: Law of Ukraine of 02.10.1992No. 2657-XII Retrieved from

On International Commercial Arbitration: Law of Ukraine of 24.02.1994 No. 4002-XII Retrieved from

On Mediation: Bulgarian Law of 17 December, 2004. Retrieved from

On Mediation: Draft Law of Ukraine. Retrieved from

On mediation: Law of the German dated 21 July, 2012 Retrieved from

On mediation: Law of the Malta dated 21 December 2004. Retrieved from

On mediation: Law of the Republic of Belarus dated July 12, 2013, No. 58-Z Retrieved from

On mediation: Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated January 28, 2011, No. 401-IV Retrieved from .

On mediation: Law of the Republic of Moldova dated 14 June, 2007, No. 134 Retrieved from

Onishchenko, N.M. (2002). Theoretical and methodological principles of formation and development of the legal system. (Dis D.J.S.). Institute of State and Law n.a. V.M. Koretsky: NAS of Ukraine. Kyiv.

Prytyka, Y.D. (2011). Зміст та класифікація принципів медіації [Content and classification of mediation principles]. Bulletin of the Ministry of Justice of Ukraine, 10, 86-92.

Reshetnikova, I., Koliasnikova, Y. (2007). Медиация и арбитражный процесс [Mediation and the arbitration process]. Arbitration and civil proceedings, 5, 29-31.

Riveros, Carolina & Coester-Waltjen, Dagmar. (2019). Alternative dispute resolution in family disputes in Europe and Chile: mediation. Rev. direito GV, 15 (2) Retrieved from

Semenova, N.V. (2002). Conflict legal activity: problems of theory and methodology. (Dis. D.J.S.) Yaroslavl.

Sevastianov, H. (2009). Теоретические основы альтернативного разрешения споров: концепция частого процессуального права. [Theoretical foundations of alternative dispute resolution: the concept of frequent procedural law]. Reader of alternative dispute resolution: “Arbitration court” magazine staff.

Shipilov, A.I. (2002) Искусство медиаторства в деятельности кадровика [The art of mediation in the activities of personnel]. Retrieved from articles/2002/6/438.html.

Standard yprowadzenia mediacji i postępowania mediatora uchwaloneprzez Radę w dniu 26 czerwca 2006 Retrieved from

Sushko, O. V., Krasnogir N. S. (2009). Посредник урегулировал спор с государственным органом [The mediator settled the dispute with the state body]. Vesn. High Gasp. Ships of the Resp. Belarus, 21, 53-55.

Typical (Model) Law of UNCITRAL for International Commercial Arbitration dated June 21, 1985. Retrieved from

UNCITRAL Conciliation Regulations of 1976-01-01. Retrieved from

UNCITRAL Model Law on International Commercial Conciliation and Guidelines for Adoption and Application 2002. Retrieved from 90955_Ebook.pdf.

United Nations Convention on International Settlement Agreements Resulting from Mediation. Retrieved from

Valdebenito, Caterine (2013) Presenciadelosniños y niñasenla Mediación Familiaren Chile, Rumbos TS, año VII, n. 7. Retrieved from

Yenin, MN, Makarenko, DV, Severinchik, O.P. (2019) Медіація в освітньому просторі закладів вищої освіти: у пошуках моделі та способів організації [Mediation in the educational space of higher education institutions: in search of a model and ways of organization]. ВІСНИК НТУУ “КПІ”. Політологія. Соціологія. Право, 3 (43), 59-64.

Yosypenko, S.T. (2015). Принципи медіації у приватно-правових відносинах [Principles of mediation in private law relations]. Scientific Bulletin of Uzhhorod National University. LAW series. Issue 35. Part 1. Volume 1, 130-133.




How to Cite

Sheremet, A., Blashchuk, T., & Ishchuk, S. (2022). Mediation Principles in the Civil Society and Features of Their Application in the Educational Environment of Ukraine. Journal of Education Culture and Society, 13(2), 231–250.