SOCIAL NETWORKS AS A SUPPORT IN THE OLD AGE IN SPAIN

  • SUSANA AGUDO PRADO Department of Education Sciences University of Oviedo Oviedo 33005, Spain
  • Marta García-Sampedro Department of Education Sciences University of Oviedo Oviedo 33005, Spain
Keywords: elderly people, social networks, digital competences, participation.

Abstract

Aim. This article presents the results of research whose aim is to establish if social networks are useful tools to promote social relationships and support for the elderly citizens.

Method. One hundred thirty people over the age of 65 participated in the research. For this purpose, the scale “elderly people and social network” (elaborated ad hoc) was applied.

Results and conclusion. The results obtained through descriptive analysis of the gathered data indicate that social networks provide support for elderly people who had already acquired digital competence in the past. The study also reveals that there are personal variables, especially of an educational nature, that determine the acquisition of an active role as generators and producers of digital content (prosumers). In conclusion, it could be said that social networks have a positive influence on the well-being of the elderly and their fight against undesirable loneliness. The more heterogeneous the social network is, the more active the elderly people are.

Author Biographies

SUSANA AGUDO PRADO, Department of Education Sciences University of Oviedo Oviedo 33005, Spain

Susana Agudo has got a degree in Primary Teaching and a degree in Pedagogy. She has got a Phd in Pedagogy.

Marta García-Sampedro, Department of Education Sciences University of Oviedo Oviedo 33005, Spain

Marta García-Sampedro has got a degree in English Philology (1993) and a degree in English Primary Teaching (2000).

She has also got an International Phd on Education and Psychology by University of Oviedo, Spain.

References

Aalbers, T., Baars, MAE., & Olde-Rikkert, MGM. (2011). Characteristics of effective Internet-mediated interventions to change lifestyle in people aged 50 and older: a systematic review. Ageing Research Reviews, 10, 487-497. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arr.2011.05.001

Abad, L., (2014). Diseño de programas de e-inclusión para alfabetización mediática de personas mayores. Comunicar, 42, 173-180. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3916/C42-2014-17

Álvarez Martín, M. J. (2017). Situación de mujeres y hombres en Asturias 2017. Oviedo: Instituto Asturiano de la Mujer y Consejería de Preside.

Anderson, M. & Perrin, A. (2017). Tech Adoption Climbs Among Older Adults. Washington, DC: Pew Internet & American Life Project. https://www.pewresearch.org/internet/2017/05/17/tech-adoption-climbs-among-older-adults/

Ariyachandra, T., Crable E. & Brodzinski J. (2009). Seniors´ Perceptions of the web and social Networking. Issues in InformationSystems. 10 (2) 324-332

Barrio, J.L, Barrio M.ª L. y Quintanilla, M. (2007). Tecnología y educación de adultos. Camio metodológico en las matemáticas. Revista Complutense de Educación, 18 (1), 113-132.

Berkman, L., Glass, T., Brissette, I. &Seeman. T. (2000). From social integration to health: Durkheim in the new milleniun. Social Science & Medicine, 51 (6), 843-857.

Boudiny, A. (2009). “Active Ageing”: From empty rhetoric to effective policy tool. Ageing & Society, 33, 1077-1098. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0144686X1200030X

Braun, M.T. (2013). Obstacles to social networking website use among older adults. Computers in Human Behavior, 29(3), 673-680.

Cabero, J., y Ruiz-Palmero, J. (2018). Las Tecnologías de la información y la comunicación para la inclusión: reformulando la brecha digital. International Journal of Educational Research and Innovation, 9, 16-30.

Constança, P. (2014). Loneliness and health in later life enPachana N.A y Laidlaw, K (eds.): The Oxford handbook of Clinical Geropsychology. Oxford University Press.

Cotten, S.R. (2017). Examining the Roles of Technology in Aging and Quality of Life. Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 72 (5), 823-826.https://doi.org/10.1093/geronb/gbx109

Cumming, E.y Henry, W. (1961): Growing old. New York: Basic Books.

De Juanas, A. y Diestro, A. (2012). Empleo de los medios sociales en educación superior: una nueva competencia docente en ciernes. Revista de docencia universitaria, 10 (2), 365-379.

Equipo de Envejecimiento y Ciclo de Vida de la OMS (2001).El Abrazo Mundial. Ginebra: Organización Mundial de la Salud.

EuropeanCommission (2017). Europe´s Digital ProgressReport (EDPR) 2017. Country Reports Spain. https://ec.europa.eu/digital-single-market/en/news/europes-digital-progress-report-2017

Escobar, M., Puga, D. & Montserrat, M. (2008). Asociaciones entre la Red Social y la Discapacidad al comienzo de la vejez en las ciudades de Madrid y Barcelona en 2005. Revista Española de Salud Publicas, 82 (6), 637-651.

Fang, Y., Chau, A.K., Wong, A., Fung, H. H, &Woo, J. (2017). Information and communicative technology use enhance psychological well-being of older adults: the roles of age, social connectedness, and frailty status. Aging & mental health, 0(0), 1-9.

Foster, L., & Walker, A. (2015). Active and Successful Aging: A European Policy Perspective. The Gerontologist, 55 (1), 83-90.https://doi.org/10.1093/geront/gnu028

Gomes, G., Duarte, C. Coelho, J. & Matos, E. (2014). Designing a Facebook interface for Seniors Users. The Scientific World Journal, 3. http://doi.org/10.1155/2014/741567

Gros, B. y Contreras, D. (2006). La alfabetización digital y el desarrollo de competencias ciudadanas. Revista Iberoamericana de Educación, 42, 103-125.

Holt-Lunstad, J., Smith, T.B &Layton,J.B (2010). Social Relationships and Mortality Risk: A Meta-analytic Review. PLOs Medicine, 7(7). http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1000316

Kraut, R., Kiesler, S., Boneva B., Curmmings, J. Helgeson, V. &Crawfors, A. (2002). Internet Paradox Revisited. Journal of social Issues, 58 (1) 49-74.

Holt-Lunstad, J.; Smith, T.B y Layton, J.B. (2010). Social Relationship and Mortality Risk: A Meta-analytic Review. PLOs Medicine, 7 (7). https://doi.org/10.1371/jorunal.pmed.1000316

IABSpain (2017). Estudio anual de redes sociales 2017. Recuperado de https://iabspain.es/estudio/estudio-anual-de-redes-sociales-2017/

IMSERSO (Instituto de Mayores y Servicios Sociales) (2009). Las personas mayores en España. Datos Estadísticos Estatales y por Comunidades Autónomas. Informe 2008. Tomo I. Recuperado de: http://www.mscbs.gob.es/novedades/docs/informe2008_I.pdf

IMSERSO (Instituto de Mayores y Servicios Sociales) (2014). Las personas mayores en España. Datos Estadísticos Estatales y por Comunidades Autónomas. Informe 2012. Recuperado de:http://fiapam.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/Informe-2012-mayores.pdf

INE (Instituto Nacional de Estadística) (2016). Equipamiento y uso de TIC en los hogares. Año 2016. Recuperado de: Equipamiento y uso de TIC en los hogares. Año 2016.

United Nations (2013). World Population Prospects: The 2012 Revisión Highlights and Advance Tables.Recuperado de: https://ktwop.files.wordpress.com/2013/11/world-population-prospects-2012.pdf

Kalache, A. (1999). Active ageing makes the difference. Bulletin of the World HealthOrganization, 77, 299. https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/56468

Llorente-Barroso, C., Viñarás-Abad, M. y Sánchez-Valle, M. (2015). Mayores e Internet: La Red como fuente de oportunidades para un envejecimiento activo. Comunicar: Revista Científica de Comunicación y Educación, 23 (45), 29-36.

Luanaigh, C. O., &Lawlor, B.A. (2008). Loneliness and the health of older people. International journal of geriatric psychiatry, 23 (2), 1213-1221.

Marsillas, S., et al. (2017). Does active ageing contribute to life satisfaction for older people? Testing a new model of active ageing. European Journal of Ageing, 14 (3), 295-310. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10433-017-0413-8

Nitzburg, G. & Farber, B. (2013). Putting Up Emotional (Facebook) Walls? Attachment Status and Emerging Adults´ Experiences of Social Networking Sites. Journal of Clinical Psychology 69 (11). 1183-1190.https://doi.org/10.1002/jclp.22045

McAvay, G., Seeman, T., & Rodin, J. (1996). A longitudinal study of change in domain-specific self-eficacy among older adults. Journals of Gerontology 51(5), 243-253.

Myhre, J. W. Mehl, M.R &Glisky, E.L (2017). Cognitive benefits of online social networking for healthy older adults. TheJournals of Gerontology, Series B, 72 (5), 752-760.

Organización Mundial de la Salud (2002). Envejecimiento activo. Un marco político. Revista española de geriatría y gerontología, 37, 74-105.

Prensky, M. (2001). Digital natives, digital inmigrants. OnTheHorizon, 9 (5), 1-6.

Rebollo, M.A., García-Pérez, R. & Sánchez-Franco, M. (2013). La inclusión digital de las mujeres en las redes sociales. Sevilla: Diputación Provincial de Sevilla.

Reinecke L., Vorderer P. & Knop K. (2014). Entertainment 2.0?. The Role of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Need Satisfaction for the Enjoyment of Facebook Use. Journal of Communication 64 (3) 417-438

Shapira, N., Barak, A., & Gal, I. (2007). Promoting Older Adults Well-Being through Internet Training and Use. Aging & Mental Health, 11(5), 477-484. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13607860601086546

Sims, T., Reed, A. E., &Carr, D.C. (2016). Information and communication technology use is related to higher well-being among the oldest-old. The Journals of Gerontology, 72 (5), 761-770.https://doi.org/10.1093/geronb/gbw130

Slegers, K., Van Boxtel, MP., &Jolles, J. (2007). Effects of computer training and Internet usage on the well-being and quality of life of older adults: a randomized, controlled study. EducationalGerontology, 33, 91-110. DOI: 10.1080/03601270600846733

Toffler, A. (1980). La tercera ola. Bogotá: Plaza y Janés.

Urueña, A. (Coord.) (2011). Las redes sociales en Internet. Madrid: Observatorio Nacional de las Telecomunicaciones y de la SI. Recuperado de: https://www.ontsi.red.es/ontsi/sites/ontsi/files/redes_sociales-documento_0.pdf

Umberson, D. y Montez, J.K (2010): Social relationships and health. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 51, 54-66.

Vosner, H.B., Bobek, S., Kokol, P. &Krecic, M.J. (2016). Attitudes of active older Internet users towards online social networking. Computers in Human Behavior, 55, 230-241. DOI: 10.1016/j.chb.2015.09.014

Wandke, H., Sengpiel, M., &Sönksen, M. (2012). Myths about older people´s use of information and communication technology. Gerontology, 58 (6), 564-570. https://doi.org/10.1159/000339104

Yanguas, J. (2018). Ageing and loneliness.VIU Valencia International University. Valencia.

Zubero, I. (2018). Envejecimiento activo y participación política. Aula Abierta, 47 (1), 21-28.

Published
2020-06-27
How to Cite
AGUDO PRADO, S., & García-Sampedro, M. (2020). SOCIAL NETWORKS AS A SUPPORT IN THE OLD AGE IN SPAIN. Journal of Education Culture and Society, 11(1), 343-352. https://doi.org/10.15503/jecs2020.1.343.352
Section
LOCAL CULTURES AND SOCIETIES