The Role of Education in the Formation of Human Sociability

Critical comparison of Th. Hobbes’ and J. J. Rousseau’s Approach

  • Ivana Knežić University of Zadar, Department of Philosophy Obala kralja Petra Krešimira IV, br. 2, 23 000 Zadar, Croatia
Keywords: education, human nature, sociability, Thomas Hobbes, Jean-Jacques Rousseau.

Abstract

Aim: The paper aims at highlighting philosophical roots of the relation issue between nature and education in the process of socialization.

Method: For the purpose of the research critical philosophical analysis and comparison of Thomas Hobbes’ and Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s texts has been used.

Concept: The first part of the paper clarifies the concept of nature and explains changes in understanding of this concept thorough the history of philosophy, with the special emphasis on transformation that happened in transition from medieval to modern period. Since both Hobbes and Rousseau are representatives of modern philosophy, the second section of the paper shows how modern concept of nature manifests in the works of the two philosophers and compares, in a more detailed way, their understanding of human nature or natural state of mankind, focusing on comparison of their concepts of human natural unsociability. The third part examines more closely the role of education in transformation of human individuals into social beings.

Results: Research shows that, for the two philosophers, the role of education in the process of socialization consists in denaturalization of human beings.

Conclusion: Hobbes’ and Rousseau’s idea of the relation of education and nature in the process of socialization constitutes a basis for justification of manipulations of education for political ends. To avoid such manipulations and find the adequate concept of education, paper suggests to search for the adequate concept of human nature first.     

Key Words: education, human nature, sociability, Thomas Hobbes, Jean-Jacques Rousseau.

Author Biography

Ivana Knežić, University of Zadar, Department of Philosophy Obala kralja Petra Krešimira IV, br. 2, 23 000 Zadar, Croatia

Ivana Knežić is Assistant Professor at the University of Zadar (Department of Philosophy). Her special professional interests include philosophical anthropology and history of philosophy. She is the author of a book Antropološke pretpostavke političke misli Thomasa Hobbesa (Anthropological Presuppositions of Thomas Hobbes' Political Thought),  as well as of several articles in the above mentioned areas. 

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Published
2020-06-26
How to Cite
Knežić, I. (2020). The Role of Education in the Formation of Human Sociability: Critical comparison of Th. Hobbes’ and J. J. Rousseau’s Approach. Journal of Education Culture and Society, 11(1), 15-29. https://doi.org/10.15503/jecs2020.1.15.29