Educational context of time from the perspective of adult development

  • Jerzy Semków Faculty of Pedagogy, Janusz Korczak Pedagogical University in Warsaw, Katowice – Department, Katowicka Str 27, Katowice
Keywords: educational context of time, early adulthood, middle adulthood, late adulthood, development of adults

Abstract

The  basic assumption is that time, which regulates our existence in the world, is the special medium and that there are “costs (lost opportunities) associated with not investing time wisely” (Zimbardo, & Boyd, 2009, p. 19). The diverse attitudes of certain individuals towards time may be viewed from various perspectives. The author reflects on the time phenomenon from the perspective of learning adults, with regard to three life periods in the process indentified in andragogy as maturing to adulthood. In early adulthood time is especially significant as people assume the role of the ones responsible for their professional development and their family. In the second stage – middle adulthood – due to varying evaluations of their achievements, time is treated either as a friend or as an enemy. In this situation undertaking learning activity becomes a springboard, some kind of antidote to the emerging life problems. It may also bring about fundamental disturbances to the psycho-social balance of an adult person, such as change of his living environment. The value of time as a non-renewable good increases significantly in  late adulthood, after crossing the threshold of 60. This refers particularly to people who consider old age as an important stage of life. Thus, temporal perspective in each stage of adulthood varies, especially when learning is a regular part of life activities of an adult person

Author Biography

Jerzy Semków, Faculty of Pedagogy, Janusz Korczak Pedagogical University in Warsaw, Katowice – Department, Katowicka Str 27, Katowice

PhD, assistant professor

gerontology, adult education

References

[1] Avanzini, G. (1993). Efekty kształcenia a dorosłość człowieka [Learning Outcomes and Human Adulthood]. In: A. Trzuskowski (Ed.), Edukacja dorosłych w sytuacji przemian na tle porównawczym [Adult Education in the Situation of Transformation – a Comparative Perspective] (pp. 45-49). Łódź: StarCo.

[2] Bee, H. (2004). Psychologia rozwoju człowieka [Lifespan Development]. Poznań: Zysk i Ska.

[3] Chopra, D. (1995). Życie bez starości. Młode ciało ponadczasowy umysł [Ageless Body, Timeless Mind. The Quantum Aleterantive to Growing Old]. Warszawa: Książka i Wiedza.

[4] Harwas-Napierała, B., Trempała, J. (Eds.). Psychologia rozwoju człowieka. Rozwój funkcji psychicznych (tom 3) [Developmental Psychology. Development of Psychical Functions (vol 3)]. Warszawa: PWN.

[5] Jaślar, J. (2015). Etyka i czas. Wariacje aretologiczne [Ethics and Time. Aretological Variations]. Kraków: Księgarnia Akademicka.

[6] Kuczyński, M. (1997). Życie jest myślą [Life is a Thought]. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo ALFA.

[7] Oleś, P. K. (2000). Psychologia przełomu połowy życia [Psychology of Midlife Breakthrough]. Lublin: Towarzystwo Naukowe KUL.

[8] Semków, J. (2012). Szanse i możliwości rozwoju człowieka w okresie średniej i późnej dorosłości [Chances and Opportunities for Development of Man During Middle and Late Adulthood]. Gentes&Nationes. Studia z Zakresu Spraw Międzynarodowych, 2, pp. 143-149.

[9] Szymczak, M. (1998), Słownik języka polskiego [Dictionary of the Polish language]. Warszawa: PWN.

[10] Straś-Romanowska, M. (2003). Wspomaganie ludzkiego rozwoju w świetle założeń dotyczących jego ukierunkowania [Supporting Development in the Light of Assumptions for Directing Human Development]. In: B. Kaja (Ed.), Wspomaganie rozwoju. Psychostymulacja, Psychokorekcja (tom 5) [Develoment Support. Psychostimulation, Psychocorrection, (vol 5)] (pp. 40-54). Bydgoszcz: Wydawnictwo Akademii im. K. Wielkiego.

[11] Turner, J. S., Helms, D. B. (1999). Rozwój człowieka [Lifespan development].Warszawa: WSiP.

[12] Zimbardo, F., Boyd, J. (2009). Paradoks czasu [Time Matters].Warszawa: PWN.
Published
2016-06-28
How to Cite
Semków, J. (2016). Educational context of time from the perspective of adult development. Journal of Education Culture and Society, 7(1), 45-53. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.15503/jecs20161.45.53