The Big Five personality and temperamental traits and its correlation with styles of coping with stress in the fire brigade officers

  • Justyna Szrajda Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Department of Hygiene, Epidemiology and Ergonomics, ul. M. Curie-Skłodowskiej 9, Bydgoszcz, Poland
  • Malwina Tudorowska Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Department of Preventive Nursing, ul. Łukasiewicza 1, Bydgoszcz, Poland
  • Sławomir Kujawski Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Department of Hygiene, Epidemiology and Ergonomics, ul. M. Curie-Skłodowskiej 9, Bydgoszcz, Poland
  • Magdalena Weber-Rajek Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Department of Physiotherapy, ul. Techników 3, Bydgoszcz, Poland
  • Ewa Sygit-Kowalkowska Kazimierz Wielki University, Institute of Psychology, ul. Leopolda Staffa 1, Bydgoszcz, Poland
  • Zdzisław Kobos Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński University in Warsaw, Department of Work Psychology and Stress, ul. Wóycickiego 1/3, Warszawa, Poland
  • Joanna Słomko Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Department of Hygiene, Epidemiology and Ergonomics, ul. M. Curie-Skłodowskiej 9, Bydgoszcz, Poland.
  • Małgorzata Tafil-Klawe Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Department of Physiology, ul. Karłowicza 24, Bydgoszcz, Poland
  • Paweł Zalewski Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Department of Hygiene, Epidemiology and Ergonomics, ul. M. Curie-Skłodowskiej 9, Bydgoszcz, Poland
Keywords: Personality, Temperament, Styles of coping with stress

Abstract

Abstract

Selecting specific professional activities (e.g. a brigade officer) and methods for coping with difficult situations may result from personal predispositions of a given person. Personality is founded on the innate temperament. The way of dealing with stress depends on personality traits whose influence is manifested, amongst other things, in the selection of specific coping styles.

The current study aim to examine the level of correlation between personality and temperamental traits with manifested coping styles.

The study covered 58 volunteers – male fire brigade officers. The following tools were used: Personality Inventory, NEO-FFI, Formal Characteristics of Behaviour: Temperament Inventory – Revised Version, FCZ-KT (R) and Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations, CISS.

Emotion-focused coping style for stressful situations correlates with the following traits: positively, with perseveration (r=0.5115) and with emotional reactivity (r=0.4927), and negatively, with briskness (r=-0.3926) and endurance (r=-0.5408). The task-oriented coping style for stressful situations correlates positively with extraversion (r=0.3236) and conscientiousness (r=0.3088), and negatively with neuroticism (r=-0.3368) in the NEO-FFI. The emotion-focused coping style for stressful situations is positively correlated with neuroticism (NEO-FFI) (r=0.4150).

In fire brigade officers, As far as personality traits were concerned, fire brigade officers scored relatively high in extraversion, conscientiousness and low in neuroticism and were likely to demonstrate the task-oriented coping style for stressful situations. Lower level of perseveration and high level of briskness and endurance were associated with emotion-focused coping style for stressful situations. Similarly, the tendency to focus on emotions experienced in stressful situations were associated with high level of neuroticism in the study group. 

Author Biographies

Justyna Szrajda, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Department of Hygiene, Epidemiology and Ergonomics, ul. M. Curie-Skłodowskiej 9, Bydgoszcz, Poland

Dr med.

scientific interests: psychology of children

Malwina Tudorowska, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Department of Preventive Nursing, ul. Łukasiewicza 1, Bydgoszcz, Poland

Psychologist, psychotherapist and sociotherapist. She works in the psychiatric department of ‘Gizinscy’ Medical Centre in Bydgoszcz. She is also engaged with the Cracow Psychodynamic Centre, where she studies psychoteraphy. As a PhD candidate in the Collegium Medicum of the Nicolaus Copernicus University in Bydgoszcz, she undertakes research on the cognitive-behavioral therapy of people suffering from the chronic fatigue syndrom. The treatment emphasises self-help and facilitates recovery by altering those patient’s cognitions and behavior that perpetuate symptoms and disability.

Sławomir Kujawski, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Department of Hygiene, Epidemiology and Ergonomics, ul. M. Curie-Skłodowskiej 9, Bydgoszcz, Poland

student

scientific interests: hygene

Magdalena Weber-Rajek, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Department of Physiotherapy, ul. Techników 3, Bydgoszcz, Poland

PhD

scientific interests: physiotherapy

Ewa Sygit-Kowalkowska, Kazimierz Wielki University, Institute of Psychology, ul. Leopolda Staffa 1, Bydgoszcz, Poland

PhD, lecturer

scientific interests: management

Zdzisław Kobos, Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński University in Warsaw, Department of Work Psychology and Stress, ul. Wóycickiego 1/3, Warszawa, Poland

PhD, lecturer

scientific interests: psychology

Joanna Słomko, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Department of Hygiene, Epidemiology and Ergonomics, ul. M. Curie-Skłodowskiej 9, Bydgoszcz, Poland.

Dr, lecturer

scientific interests: physioterapy

Małgorzata Tafil-Klawe, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Department of Physiology, ul. Karłowicza 24, Bydgoszcz, Poland

Dr, Professor

scientific interests: physiology

Paweł Zalewski, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Department of Hygiene, Epidemiology and Ergonomics, ul. M. Curie-Skłodowskiej 9, Bydgoszcz, Poland

Research Associate, Head of The Division

scientific interests: exercise science

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Published
2017-09-25
How to Cite
Szrajda, J., Tudorowska, M., Kujawski, S., Weber-Rajek, M., Sygit-Kowalkowska, E., Kobos, Z., Słomko, J., Tafil-Klawe, M., & Zalewski, P. (2017). The Big Five personality and temperamental traits and its correlation with styles of coping with stress in the fire brigade officers. Journal of Education Culture and Society, 8(2), 163-173. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.15503/jecs20172.163.173