MEDICAL STUDENTS ENCOUNTER WITH VICTIMS OF VIOLENCE: A SIMULATION PROGRAM
Keywords:training program, violence against women, medical education
Violence against women is a serious violation of women's human rights and a significant health issue in many countries. As domestic violence is a subject of high concern in the different countries, there has been considerable research into the topic of domestic violence generally, though there is comparatively less known on health care providers roles related to domestic violence. Health care providers are usually frontline professionals that victims of violence get in touch with , even sometimes not explicitly. Therefore health care providers’ skills and attitudes are very important when giving a hand to victims of violence professionally.
A special case is Turkey. Where the social structure in Belgium, England and Austria is of an matriarchal nature (in a sociological sense, not anthropologic), Turkey is strongly patriarchally ordered. Moreover, it has a higher level of social acceptance of domestic violence.
This paper describes the program in a medical curriculum on violence against women. Simulation which is increasingly being used in health care workers training is used to deliver the program. Standardized patient (SP) methodology is the preferred modality of simulation. SP is a lay person trained to portray a patient in order to simulate a set of symptoms or problems. SPs would have first-hand knowledge, experience and feedback to improve the skills. The simulation program and the experiences of the students acquired during this program are discussed in this paper.
Barrows, H.S. (1993). An overview of the uses of standardized patients for teaching and evaluating clinical skills. Academic Medicine, 68, 443-451.
Buken, N.O., & Şahinoğlu, S. (2006). Violence Against Women In Turkey and The Role of Women Physicians. Nursing Ethics, 13(2), 197-205.
CEDAW (Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women). Retrieved August 8, 2016, from: http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/cedaw/text/econvention.htm
CETS (2011). İstanbul Convention. Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence, Retrieved August 8, 2016, from https://rm.coe.int/CoERMPublicCommonSearchServices/DisplayDCTMContent?documentId=090000168008482e
Cruickshank, D.R., & Metcalf, K.K. (1993). Improving pre-service teacher assessment through on-campus laboratory experiences. Theory into Practice, 32(2), 86-92.
De Jong, T., Lane, J., & Sharp, S. (2012). The efficacy of simulation as a pedagogy in facilitating pre-service teachers’ learning about emotional self-regulation and its relevance to the teaching profession. Australian Journal of Teacher Education, 37(3), 34-43.
Elçin, M., Odabaşı, O., Turan, S., Sincan, M., & Başusta, N.B. (2010). Tıp Eğitiminde İletişim Becerilerinin Standart Hastalar ve Yapılandırılmış Değerlendirmelerle Geliştirilmesi [Development of Communication Skills Training in Medical Education through standardised Patient and Structured Evaluation]. Hacettepe Tıp Dergisi, 41, 219-230.
Elçin, M., Turan, S., Odabaşı, O., Abay, E., Onan, A., & Sezer, B. (2014). İyi Hekimlik Uygulamaları. 11. Baskı [Good Medical Practice. 11th Edition]. Ankara: Hacettepe Üniversitesi Basımevi.
Girod, M., & Girod, G.R. (2008). Simulation and the need for practice in teacher preparation. Journal of Technology and Teacher Education, 16(3), 307-337.
Kadına Yönelik Şiddetle Mücadele Ulusal Eylem Planı 2012-2015. Aile ve Sosyal Politikalar Bakanlığı Kadının Statüsü Genel Müdürlüğü [Action Plan for Violence to Women 2012-2015. Ministery of Family and Social Policy, Directorate General of Women Status]. Retrieved August 8, 2016, from http://bianet.org/files/doc_files/000/000/643/original/kadina_yonelik_siddet_uep12-15.pdf
United Nations Fund for Population Activities (1997). The State of World Population, 43-44.
How to Cite
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. All authors agree for publishing their email adresses, affiliations and short bio statements with their articles during the submission process.