“Journal of Education Culture and Society” 2014 issue 1



The Fascist Phenomenon

National Legionary State between laws, journals, memoirs, and the Jewish repression between 20-23 January 1941

Cristian Alexandru Groza

Faculty of History, University of Bucharest, Bd. Regina Elisabeta nr.4-12, Sector 5, Bucharest, Romania

E-mail adress: cristianalexandru_groza@yahoo.com




The aim of the study is to show the evolution of the National Legionary State from its beginnings to its final form of revolt (20-23rd  January 1941). This type of state was created on 14th September 1940 by the royal wish of Michael I of Romania, who was influenced by General Ion Antonescu. The study has the purpose to show how anti-Semitism can transform itself from a philosophy concept, through the ideas of Nae Ionescu, to a state ideology. The main documents which I studied are based on archives, the constitution of the state, during the period mentioned in the title, and the journals of general Ion Antonescu, or main political figures, and the notes written by Filip Browner, known better as Filip Brunea Fox, in his City of massacre. Journal of Legionary, Rebellion and Crime.

                This study is important because it analyzes a totalitarian regime that was made possible by the intervention of political arrangements alongside the help of the Legion of the Archangel Michael, founded by the Corneliu Zelea Codreanu in 1927.


Key words: Bucharest, Brunea-Fox, Jew repression, general Antonescu, Horia Sima, Romania, National Legionary State, history.

DOI: 10.15503/jecs20141-61-78

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